If your gums are swollen to the point of pus, chances are that the bacteria is infecting the tissue around your problematic teeth. This condition is also called dental abscesses, or more specifically, periodontal abscesses, where the infection attacks the gum tissue around the affected tooth.
Pus that appears in the gum tissue pocket cannot go away on its own. The pus must be drained many times to complete. You also need to take antibiotics and anti-inflammatories to relieve and prevent the infection from getting worse. The dentist will also treat the tooth that is the source of the problem by performing a root canal treatment and tooth filling and extraction.
What Causes Festering Gums?
Pus that appears on the swollen gums is caused by a bacterial infection. When there is a problem with the gum or tooth, the bacteria will invade the gum or tooth and cause an infection. The initial problem with this problem is also due to poor dental hygiene conditions, for example, rarely brushing your teeth, consuming too much food and drink that can easily damage your teeth, and rarely or even never doing routine checks at the dentist. Bad habits are what can damage your teeth until eventually caries and dental plaque appear, which become a nest for bacteria to attack the tissue in your gums and even the roots of your teeth.
Treating Festering Gums
The first step to take if your teeth are festering is to visit the dentist. The doctor will check the condition of your gums and teeth and then drain the pus in your gums. After the pus is removed, the doctor will clean the infected area, and usually will perform a root canal treatment to clean the problem tooth down to the root. After cleaning, the problematic tooth will be filled to prevent infection again. But if your teeth are in a very bad condition, then pulling out your teeth is the right way so that your teeth will no longer have ongoing problems.
In addition to cleaning the gums and teeth, the doctor will usually prescribe antibiotics and anti-inflammatory drugs to speed up the recovery process. If your gums or teeth hurt, the doctor will also prescribe painkillers to relieve the pain.
The Importance of Getting Immediate Treatment to a Dentist
Festering gums can get worse if not treated immediately. Because the pus won't go away on its own, you can't handle it yourself at home. You need special sterile tools to clean your gums and teeth. Therefore, immediately visit the nearest dentist if you feel swollen gums, don't even wait for it to fester. This condition, if left untreated, can lead to infection in the gum tissue next to it and even to other parts of the body. Here are other symptoms when the gums are festering which can be considered an emergency:
- The pain was excruciating
- Difficulty breathing
- Difficulty swallowing
- Difficulty opening your mouth
- Swelling in the neck to face
- Fluid that comes out of the mouth that is not controlled because it is difficult to swallow or open the mouth.
Medscape. “When is inpatient care needed for dental abscess?”. 20 December 2017. Online: https://www.medscape.com/answers/909373-68657/when-is-inpatient-care-needed-for-dental-abscess
Republic of Ireland Health Service Executive. “Dental Abscess”. Online: https://www.hse.ie/eng/health/az/d/dental-abscess/complications-of-a-dental-abscess.html
US Department of Health and Human Services. “Periodontal (Gum} Disease: Causes, Symptoms and Treatments”, online: https://www.nidcr.nih.gov/sites/default/files/2017-09/periodontal-disease_0.pdf