Facts About Saliva

Saliva in our mouths is not just a liquid to wet our mouths to avoid dry mouth, but also has many other benefits that may not be widely known. The saliva produced by the salivary glands at the night of our mouth consists of mostly water and the rest is electrolytes, mucus and enzymes. Well, below are some of the benefits of saliva that we need to know.

  1. As a lubricant and binder

The mucus in saliva is very useful for binding the food we chew in the mouth so that it is easier to enter the esophagus without damaging the mucosa.

  1. Dissolving Dry Food

If you eat dry food, sometimes your tongue can't immediately feel the taste of the food because of its texture. Therefore, saliva is what will help you so that dry food dissolves and is easily felt by the tongue.

  1. Oral and Dental Hygiene

Without us knowing it, saliva is also very useful in maintaining the cleanliness of our mouths. Saliva constantly builds up on the inside of our mouths which helps clean our teeth from food debris. Lysozyme enzymes in saliva can also prevent excess microbial growth in the mouth. But, keep in mind, even though saliva plays a big role in cleaning up leftover food on our teeth, it doesn't mean that we don't need to brush and floss anymore, because not all parts of our teeth can be cleaned to the maximum with just saliva. Especially when we fall asleep at night, the flow of saliva will drastically decrease, so at night it is easiest for bacteria to attack our teeth. So from that, brushing your teeth before bed is really important and mandatory.

  1. Saliva can be used to diagnose diseases such as blood

Unlike blood tests, saliva is analyzed at the cell level, therefore saliva analysis can represent completely relevant clinical results. Researchers say that saliva analysis can predict, diagnose or even prevent health problems and diseases.

In addition to its benefits in digesting and dissolving food in our mouths, as well as its role in maintaining the cleanliness of our teeth and mouth to its ability to be used as a clinical analysis of a person's health condition, we also need to pay attention to whether our mouths produce enough saliva every day. If you feel that your mouth is often dry and you can't produce a lot of saliva, you may have a dry mouth. This condition must be treated immediately because it can affect the health of your teeth, mouth and all parts of your body. Don't forget to always consult the condition of your teeth and mouth with your trusted dentist!

Ref: J Nat Sci Biol Med. 2011 Jan-Jun; 2(1): 53–58.doi: 10.4103/0976-9668.82322